City Folk Furniture List – Animal Crossing: City Folk: Prima Official Game Guide (Prima Official Game Guides) – Fountain at Nasrid's Palace, Alhambra, Spain – October 2007
City Folk Furniture List
- furnishings that make a room or other area ready for occupancy; "they had too much furniture for the small apartment"; "there was only one piece of furniture in the room"
- In typesetting, furniture is a term for pieces of wood that are shorter than the height of the type. These pieces are used to layout type by blocking out empty spaces (white space) in a layout set in a chase.
- Furniture was a British pop band, active from 1979 to 1991 and best known for their 1986 Top 30 hit "Brilliant Mind".
- Furniture (probably from the French 'fournir' — to provide) is the mass noun for the movable objects ('mobile' in Latin languages) intended to support various human activities such as seating and sleeping in beds, to hold objects at a convenient height for work using horizontal surfaces above
- people in general (often used in the plural); "they're just country folk"; "folks around here drink moonshine"; "the common people determine the group character and preserve its customs from one generation to the next"
- tribe: a social division of (usually preliterate) people
- family: people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
- folk music: the traditional and typically anonymous music that is an expression of the life of people in a community
- give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of; "List the states west of the Mississippi"
- cause to lean to the side; "Erosion listed the old tree"
- include in a list; "Am I listed in your register?"
- tilt to one side; "The balloon heeled over"; "the wind made the vessel heel"; "The ship listed to starboard"
* Complete calendar of in-game events and special occasions.
* Details on using the WiiSpeak microphone for multiplayer fun.
* Checklists for all collectible items to make sure you can get each and every one.
* Exclusive poster with Animal Crossing art!
Once the residence of the Muslim rulers of Granada and their court, the Alhambra is now one of Spain’s major tourist attractions exhibiting the country’s most famous Islamic architecture, together with Christian 16th century and later interventions in buildings and gardens that marked its image as it can be seen today. Within the Alhambra, the Palace of Charles V was erected by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527. Coordinates: 37°10?36.81?N 3°35?23.95?W
The terrace or plateau where the Alhambra sits measures about 740 m (2430 ft) in length by 205 m (674 ft) at its greatest width. It extends from WNW to ESE and covers an area of about 142,000 m?.
Its most westerly feature is the alcazaba (citadel); a strongly fortified position. The rest of the plateau comprises a number of palaces, enclosed by a relatively weak fortified wall, with thirteen towers, some defensive and some providing vistas for the inhabitants.
The river Darro passes through a ravine on the north and divides the plateau from the Albaicin district of Granada. Similarly, the Assabica valley, containing the Alhambra Park on the west and south, and, beyond this valley, the almost parallel ridge of Monte Mauror, separate it from the Antequeruela district.
Completed towards the end of Muslim rule in Spain by Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada (1353-1391), the Alhambra is a reflection of the culture of the last days of the Nasrid emirate of Granada. It is a place where artists and intellectuals had taken refuge as Christian Spain won victories over Al Andalus. The Alhambra mixes natural elements with man-made ones, and is a testament to the skill of Muslim craftsmen of that time.
The literal translation of Alhambra "red fortress" derives from the colour of the red clay of the surroundings of which the fort is made. The buildings of the Alhambra were originally whitewashed; however, the buildings now seen today are reddish.
The first reference to the Qal’at al Hamra was during the battles between the Arabs and the Muladies during the rule of the ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad (r. 888-912). In one particularly fierce and bloody skirmish, the Muladies soundly defeated the Arabs, who were then forced to take shelter in a primitive red castle located in the province of Elvira, presently located in Granada. According to surviving documents from the era, the red castle was quite small, and its walls were not capable of deterring an army intent on conquering. The castle was then largely ignored until the eleventh century, when its ruins were renovated and rebuilt by Samuel ibn Naghralla, vizier to the King Badis of the Zirid Dynasty, in an attempt to preserve the small Jewish settlement also located on the Sabikah hill. However, evidence from Arab texts indicates that the fortress was easily penetrated and that the actual Alhambra that survives today was built during the Nasrid Dynasty.
Ibn Nasr, the founder of the Nasrid Dynasty, was forced to flee to Jaen in order to avoid persecution by King Ferdinand and his supporters during attempts to rid Spain of Moorish Dominion. After retreating to Granada, Ibn-Nasr took up residence at the Palace of Badis in the Alhambra. A few months later, he embarked on the construction of a new Alhambra fit for the residence of a king. According to an Arab manuscript published as the Anonimo de Granada y Copenhague, "This year 1238 Abdallah ibn al-Ahmar climbed to the place called "the Alhambra" inspected it, laid out the foundations of a castle and left someone in charge of its construction…" The design included plans for six palaces, five of which were grouped in the northeast quadrant forming a royal quarter, two circuit towers, and numerous bathhouses. During the reign of the Nasrid Dynasty, the Alhambra was transformed into a palatine city complete with an irrigation system composed of acequias for the gardens of the Generalife located outside the fortress. Previously, the old Alhambra structure had been dependent upon rainwater collected from a cistern and from what could be brought up from the Albaicin. The creation of the Sultan’s Canal solidified the identity of the Alhambra as a palace-city rather than a defensive and ascetic structure.
The Muslim rulers lost Granada and Alhambra in 1492 without the fortress itself being attacked when King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile took the surrounding region with overwhelming numbers.
The decorations within the palaces typified the remains of Moorish dominion within Spain and ushered in the la
Bristol pawnbrokers today, you can count on your fingers of one hand but, according to Wright’s Street Directory for 1892, there were once over 50 and it listed them in three walks so that you could call on them all without going over the same ground twice.
In those long-vanished, pre-Social Security days you could ‘pop your weasel’ – pawn your goods – at the sign of the three golden balls in busy Bristol’s Old Market Street BS2.
The business is still going strong in Stapleton Road and run for the last 50 years by the Fowler family — can trace its origins back to 1796, but in those days it was run by Alfred and Edward Lyddon. In 1894 Amos Raselle took over and it was under that name that the business became a well-known part of Old Market life. In 1984 it had to move as the area was redeveloped.
For a decade or more, Raselle was the only pawnbrokers left in the city and it remained that way until the early 1980s, when the trade — like the rest of the country — experienced a mini boom. Albemarle and Bond of Bedminster, which opened in 1983 with a brand new image incorporating plush carpets and potted plants, was the first new pawnbrokers to open in the city for 50 years. It is still going strong. Robert Pritchard, the managing director of Raselle’s until he retired in 1984, described in an interview in the 1970s just how much things had changed in the business since he had started as a warehouse lad just three weeks before his 14th birthday.
‘In the old days, before the war, there were six of us working on the pledge counter and we used to have queues every Monday morning,’ he said. He remembered regular customers bringing in the same things every week, such as flat irons, fishing rods and even false teeth. ‘They used to get them out for the weekend, which was the only time they had any money and perhaps the only time they needed them in order to tackle the meat in their Sunday lunch. ‘It was the same thing with fishing rods —; you only used them once a week. There was real poverty then and poor wages even if you were working, but you couldn’t afford to feel sorry for people. After you’d worked there year in, year out, it was just part of the job.’
Before the war, fiddles, flat irons and china dogs were favourite pledges, with the latter two being rejected unless they were in pairs. This was because one iron was heated while the other was being used, and the dogs, of course, sat each end of the mantelpiece. In the deprivation years of the 1920s and 1930s, long queues built up at ‘uncle’ — as the pawnbrokers were known — stretching right down Old Market. People would pawn children’s clothing and ‘best’ suits just to get them through the week.
So-called ‘tallies’ — men who pushed carts around the streets, picking up bulky items such as furniture for pawning — did brisk business. They charged a penny to take it to the shop for you. In early Victorian times, the 1830s, a pawnbroker stated that the main items pawned were men’s suits, vests and trousers, and women’s gowns, stockings, petticoats and hats. But there were also many items of domesticity such as pillows, blankets, sheets, bedcovers and tablecloths. Miscellaneous items such as umbrellas, bibles, watches, rings and war medals made up the rest.
Pawnbrokers in those days not only kept the wolf from the door, they also kept many a family from the dreaded workhouse. By the end of Victoria’s reign, the business had become semi-respectable. John Swaish, who owned six pawnshops, became Lord Mayor of Bristol in 1913 and 1914 and was knighted. He was also a councillor for 35 years and a Sunday school superintendent. One of his workers, Jesse White, had this to say about the trade: ‘We had 500 to 600 customers on a Monday… and it was always the women who came. They bought in their husbands’ suites, shoes and wedding rings and on that they raised enough money to see them through the week.
‘People used to pledge things for half-a-crown (12p), one and six (7p) or ninepence even — you could get a meal for four or five kids for that. Desperate women even went so far as to pawn the weekly wash.’ Some families would buy a new suit especially for pawning from a ‘duffer’, or credit agent, and then pay him off weekly with money raised by taking it to ‘uncle’. It was known as a duffer suit.
So the money went around and around. Raselle’s business nowadays relies on quick cheque cashing and money transfers and it only takes gold jewellery as a pledge.
By contrast, in the 1970s the items pawned were wristwatches, rings, binoculars, record players, radios and the like. These days the clientele of so-called ‘popping shops’ has changed from the poor, working classes, unable to find money for rent or food, to middle-class people desperate for cash to pay electricity bills or to pay for car repairs or even to go on holiday. Modern pawnbrokers seem have gone back to their roots as moneylenders. After all, the sign of the three golden b